Our FES publication is divided into four sections, referred to as chapters within the document itself. As well as a section on reaching net zero, FES 2023 has the following dedicated sections: 

  • The energy consumer covers the residential, industrial, commercial and transport sectors and considers how decarbonisation affects individual consumers.
  • The energy system explores how total GB demand is met using decarbonised energy sources such as electricity, hydrogen, natural gas and bioenergy.
  • Flexibility ensures energy supply and demand are balanced, and security of supply criteria are met, as the energy system decarbonises To develop and operate the whole energy system of the future and deliver value to consumers, each of these three areas must be fully considered.