Network Development Roadmap
The Network Options Assessment (NOA) - our process for developing an efficient, coordinated and economic system of electricity transmission - has already saved several millions of pounds for consumers and we’re continuing to drive even greater value through transforming our network planning tools.
Our transformation plans, as set out in the Network Development Roadmap, will drive even greater consumer value through:
- enabling network and non-network solutions across the transmission and distribution systems to compete to meet transmission network needs;
- assessing the needs of the system over the whole year to a greater extent;
- carrying out more focused, regional, NOAs which consider how regional voltage issues can be more efficiently managed;
- investigating the value and feasibility of expanding the NOA approach to system stability in the longer term, which will include challenges such as dynamic voltage, fault levels and inertia; and
- communicating our transmission system needs and the recommended options for meeting them in a way a wider audience can understand.
Our transformation plans are complex and ambitious and involve a large range of potential stakeholders. We’re therefore working closely with industry, in particular the Electricity Networks Associate (ENA) Open Networks project and taking a learning by doing approach, implementing the changes through a number of pathfinding projects.
High Voltage pathfinding projects
Changes in the energy system over the last decade have resulted in managing system voltages becoming an area of increasing challenge for the Electricity System Operator (ESO). We have seen a continual decrease in both minimum demand and reactive power consumption on distribution networks, resulting in an increasing need to absorb more reactive power on the transmission network. As a first step to developing a regional options assessment process for voltage requirements, these projects focus only on high voltage system issues.
To find the most cost effective solutions to these new challenges, we are going beyond the traditional approaches of looking only at transmission based solutions. We believe greater value for consumers can be achieved by looking also at potential solutions on the distribution networks.
Through our pathfinding projects – looking at the Pennines, Mersey and South Wales regions - we're working with TOs, DNOs and service providers to establish methods to identify the most cost effective approach to addressing these issues.
Phase 1 findings from work with the ENA on the Pennines pathfinder have been published on the ENA website. In phase 2, which will commence shortly, we will seek further input from service providers.
Commercial Solutions in NOA
For NOA 2019/20 we are, for the first time, requesting information on commercial options that could help increase certain boundary capabilities. We have assessed the potential benefit commercial solutions could bring in the 2018/19 NOA and would like to develop implementable solutions in the identified areas.
Stability Pathfinding project
We also want to explore the benefits and practicalities of applying a NOA-type approach to the operability aspects of system stability. In this context we are talking about stability of frequency, voltage and the ability of a network user to remain connected to the system during normal operation, during a fault and after a fault. Synchronous generation provides many benefits to system stability that will need to be replaced when this type of generation runs less frequently.
We are exploring how to articulate and quantify the properties synchronous generation gives us, the potential for these to be provided by alternative technologies, and the value of a NOA type process for stability. We published some of our work on the impact of declining short circuit levels in our System Operability Framework (SOF) document, and during 2019 we intend to invite technical and commercial solutions from across the industry to address needs in specific locations.
The changing nature of the electricity system means that it is increasingly important that we study the system needs across more of the year than our current focus of winter peak. In the future, a probabilistic approach could allow us to pinpoint specific issues down to circuit level so that the most cost-effective, whole system solution, can be identified. We are currently exploring the use of probabilistic analysis to achieve this. Emerging findings are set out in the Electricity Ten Year Statement and we will publish the outcomes of a case study to test the approach in spring 2019 along with details of how we then intend to take this work forward.
Other projects are also underway looking at more immediate needs and will provide insight for our network development planning. For example, Power Potential will assess the use of distributed resources to address voltage challenges in the South East, and the Phoenix project will assess the potential for hybrid synchronous compensation to provide voltage and system stability. We will feed the learning from these projects into how we develop our network planning tools and processes.
Network Development Roadmap consultation responses
We held the consultation for Network Development Roadmap between 3 May and 15 June. We are grateful for the feedback you gave and for agreement to publish the responses below.